If you’ve ever worked in an industrial plant where dust control and air pollution are issues, then, you must’ve seen dust collectors before. They are designed to collect dust particles from the air and send cleaner air back into the environment.
A dust collector is an important machine as it ensures the air is healthy and breathable for everyone within the space where it is deployed, preventing respiratory diseases and irritation which may lead to severe conditions if not controlled.
There are also some models used in residential buildings to help residents live and breathe better. However, no one wants to purchase a dust collector and watch it pack up only after a few uses.
You may then wonder, how long do dust collectors last? This is one question that attracts several responses depending on your point of view and experience.
However, we have put all those thoughts together to provide a better understanding of how long you can use your dust collector and how long their filters last as well.
Do Air Dusters Expire?
Dust collectors do not exactly expire. They are made of parts that can fail over time and the unit as a whole has a shelf life, but you can continue to use a dust collector until it is no longer effective or begins to pose a health threat to you and everyone else in the environment.
Most manufacturers will include warranty information, as well as some details of how long you should expect the unit to last under normal circumstances. The motor, impeller bearings, filters, and dust collector bag are some of the parts you need to pay close attention to.
Some other times, you may find that your dust collector stops working as a result of blockage of the exhaust outlet. At this point, the collector may no longer be able to filter air.
You should check for holes or bursts, or the cages could have fallen. This will allow much air through and can increase the amperage. This doesn’t spell out expiration, but damages that should be fixed.
Overall, you can use a dust collector for many years with only parts and accessories replacements to bother about.
How Long Do Dust Collectors Last?
Dust collectors have a lifespan between 3 and 10 years. This ranges from the smaller, poorer quality brands to the high-end, durable brands. Some units can last as long as 20 years if properly maintained.
Just be sure you keep an eye out for the various components including the motors, bags, and impellers. Also, the filter is one item that would need to be changed regularly to keep the unit working effectively.
As long as these components are kept running and in good condition, your unit should go on for a long time.
Another factor you need to be concerned about is the quality of the unit before you even go ahead to purchase it. A poorly made dust collector is not likely to last long because it won’t be able to withstand the rigors of a polluted environment.
When Should a Dust Collector Be Replaced?
A dust collector needs to be replaced as soon as it loses its efficiency, and the situation is beyond repair. This often includes damage to its motor and other wear and tear that suggest aging.
Also, your dust collector may begin to develop constant issues requiring constant repair. This happens when a dust collector has been used for many years, usually after the 8th year for standard models.
You may decide to keep spending your money on repairs or simply replace the unit and save yourself the trouble.
If the problem is with the motor and a replacement is required, you’d find that a replacement motor costs a lot, and it won’t make sense to buy a new motor for a unit that has lasted more than 10 years at almost the cost of buying a new model altogether.
How Long Do Dust Collector Filters Last?
Dust collector filters can last anywhere from 3 months to about a year. Depending on the quality of the system and the extent of operations carried out, a dust collector filter may last for just about 3 months.
There are those that would last for a period of 6 months, and yet others that may last up to 12 months. This depends on how much dust is in the area, the nature of dust in the area, and how often the unit is made to run.
The unit’s air-to-cloth ratio is another factor to consider here, coupled with the filter’s media.
Cartridge filters may cost more but they last longer. In the same vein, you’d need a specialized filter to prevent dust caking and clumping the pores which restrict airflow.
Maintenance of the filter is another very important factor that can determine the filter’s lifespan. You should clean your filter regularly. Washable filters should be washed every 3-6 weeks, and those that can’t be washed should be cleaned using a vacuum or compressed air.
When Should a Dust Collector Filter Be Replaced?
You should consider replacing your filter when it can no longer filter dust particles due to wear and tear or losing pores. When you find that the air remains polluted even after running the dust collector for several hours, it may just be time to replace the filter.
Also, you shouldn’t use a filter for more than 12 months because it is likely to have lost its efficiency. So, that may also be a good time to replace a filter, especially for those that can last that long.
Generally, it is important to follow the recommendations of the manufacturer, except for unforeseen circumstances.
Important Tips to Increase the Lifespan of Dust Collector
1. Keep hopper dust free
The hopper is not a dust storage component and should not be allowed to gather piled-up dust. The hopper is only a channel for the dust to pass through to the bin.
Allowing dust to settle in the hopper can clog the system and affect the unit’s performance. It can also cause deflagration or fire risk.
2. Check ductwork regularly
This is important to prevent damage to both upstream and downstream components.
Here, a flow-activation isolation valve could be installed to protect downstream areas from pressure and flame.
3. Always use correct air pressure
A dust collector requires compressed air for effective performance and longevity. Low air pressure makes it difficult for filters to remain clean.
Meanwhile, when air pressure is too high, filters tend to overwork and would require replacement more quickly. Be sure to keep the pressure within the manufacturer’s recommended limits.
4. Watch the unit for pressure drop
Pressure drop can also negatively affect the unit’s performance and its dust collection ability.
When pressure changes, you should consider replacing the filter to help stabilize the pressure.
5. Always check the filter media
You need to always check for excessive caking or blinding at all times, to ensure there’s no obstruction to airflow.
If it’s a filter that can be cleaned, be sure to clean it, otherwise, you should replace it.
6. Schedule a maintenance routine
Keeping a proper maintenance routine is really important. Having your dust collector checked by an expert occasionally can help keep things in perfect condition.
You can also carry out routine cleaning of visible parts and components, depending on what works for you and the unit.
7. Use high-quality parts
Whether it’s the dust filter, blower, receptacle, filter-cleaning system, bag House, cartridges, or valves, you need to be sure the parts you’re installing are the right ones for the unit or you’ll just be putting the system at risk.
Besides, the unit will not work well without the right parts pieced together.
Dust collectors are pretty durable equipment which means they can last really long. For most of them, the lifespan range is between 3-10 years. However, there are a lot of factors that can determine their actual lifespan, especially the quality of the unit and maintenance.
Filters are an important component of a dust collector and you must pay attention to them too. We’ve provided tips to help you keep your unit working effectively for a long time.